Dynamic Landfill Management (DLM) captures various dimensions. First of all, DLM refers to the dynamic view on landfill management, i.e. the management of any given landfill needs to smartly change and adjust over time. Secondly, DLM needs to offer an integrated framework, satisfying multiple objectives, ranging from pollution prevention, land reclamation and restoration, creation of new landfill void space, interim use of the landfill surface, to the recovery of materials and energy resources. Thirdly, DLM highlights the need for a cross-cutting approach with respect to distinct European policies and legislations. ELFM is one component of a wider DLM framework.
Enhanced Landfill Mining is defined as “the safe exploration, conditioning, excavation and integrated valorisation of (historic, present and/or future) landfilled waste streams as both materials (Waste-to-Material) and energy (Waste-to-Energy), using innovative transformation technologies and respecting the most stringent social and ecological criteria.” ELFM is part of a wider view of a circular economy and is perfectly complementary to urban mining and recycling in general.