A PLASMA GASIFICATION MELTING PROCESSSweden
More and more strict waste management regulations are issued in the EU. For example, according to the European Disposal Site Directive 1999/31/EEC (Landfilling), disposal of biologically decomposable wastes must be reduced to 35% of the quantity of 1995 within 15 years. On the other hand, the waste-to-energy market is growing fast due to the GHG emissions. Gasification of waste will have large potential in the near further as one of the clean technologies.
Plasma Gasification Melting – PGM technology is a compelling approach to treatment and disposal of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), and also applicable to Medical Waste (MW) and Low Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) as well as other solid waste types. In order to make further development and optimal design of the PGM for different feedstocks, a comprehensive understanding of the process through mathematical modelling as well as fundamental studies, such as kinetic studies of the waste, are needed. Semi-industrial reactor tests and pilot plant tests are also demanded. A further requirement on this technology is the quality of the syngas generated from the PGM, for example, a lower tar concentration, and a higher ratio of H2/CO, which will be necessary for the 2nd generation. The present project is intended to bridge these gaps to enable the construction of commercial PGM plants.