CHARACTERIZATION OF FORMER LANDFILLSBelgium
In 2011, a corporate vision on ELFM was approved by the OVAM board of directors, which resulted in an operational programme over the period 2011-2015. OVAM (Public Waste Agency of Flanders) is the competent authority in charge of waste, Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) and contaminated soil management in Flanders. The introduction of the ELFM concept needs to be related with the concept of SMM and the broader shift to a circular economy.
The main goal of this research programme is to develop a comprehensive policy on resource management to deal with the issue of former landfills. In order to investigate the opportunities of ELFM, OVAM is applying a three-step approach including mapping, surveying and mining of these former landfills. As a result of the mapping part over 2,000 landfill sites, that will need to be dealt with, were revealed. The valorisation potential of ELFM could be assigned to different goals, according to the R³P-concept: Recycling of Materials, Recovery of Energy, Reclamation of Land and Protection of drinking water supply.
All aspects are being evaluated for the selected sites.
Inventory of selected former landfill sites.
Characterization of the landfilled material.
Examine the ELFM-potential of formal landfill sites.
Make recommendations to deal with these sites.